ACE_High_Res_Timer Class Reference

A high resolution timer class wrapper that encapsulates OS-specific high-resolution timers, such as those found on Solaris, AIX, Win32/Pentium, and VxWorks. More...

#include <High_Res_Timer.h>

List of all members.

Public Member Functions

 ACE_High_Res_Timer (void)
 Initialize the timer.
 ~ACE_High_Res_Timer (void)
 Destructor.
void reset (void)
 Reinitialize the timer.
void start (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)
 Start timing.
void stop (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)
 Stop timing.
void elapsed_time (ACE_Time_Value &tv) const
 Set tv to the number of microseconds elapsed.
void elapsed_time (ACE_hrtime_t &nanoseconds) const
 Set nanoseconds to the number of nanoseconds elapsed.
void elapsed_microseconds (ACE_hrtime_t &usecs) const
 Sets usecs to the elapsed (stop - start) time in microseconds.
void start_incr (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)
 Start incremental timing.
void stop_incr (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)
 Stop incremental timing.
void elapsed_time_incr (ACE_Time_Value &tv) const
void elapsed_time_incr (ACE_hrtime_t &nanoseconds) const
void print_total (const ACE_TCHAR *message, const int iterations=1, ACE_HANDLE handle=ACE_STDOUT) const
void print_ave (const ACE_TCHAR *message, const int iterations=1, ACE_HANDLE handle=ACE_STDOUT) const
 Print average time.
void dump (void) const
 Dump the state of an object.

Static Public Member Functions

static void global_scale_factor (ACE_UINT32 gsf)
static ACE_UINT32 global_scale_factor (void)
 Returns the global_scale_factor.
static int get_env_global_scale_factor (const ACE_TCHAR *env=ACE_LIB_TEXT("ACE_SCALE_FACTOR"))
static ACE_UINT32 calibrate (const ACE_UINT32 usec=500000, const u_int iterations=10)
static ACE_Time_Value gettimeofday_hr (void)
static ACE_Time_Value gettimeofday (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)
static void hrtime_to_tv (ACE_Time_Value &tv, const ACE_hrtime_t hrt)
 Converts an <hrt> to <tv> using global_scale_factor_.

Public Attributes

 ACE_ALLOC_HOOK_DECLARE
 Declare the dynamic allocation hooks.

Static Private Member Functions

static ACE_hrtime_t gettime (const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op=ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME)
static ACE_hrtime_t elapsed_hrtime (const ACE_hrtime_t end, const ACE_hrtime_t start)

Private Attributes

ACE_hrtime_t start_
 Starting time.
ACE_hrtime_t end_
 Ending time.
ACE_hrtime_t total_
 Total elapsed time.
ACE_hrtime_t start_incr_
 Start time of incremental timing.

Static Private Attributes

static ACE_UINT32 global_scale_factor_ = 1u
static int global_scale_factor_status_ = 0


Detailed Description

A high resolution timer class wrapper that encapsulates OS-specific high-resolution timers, such as those found on Solaris, AIX, Win32/Pentium, and VxWorks.

Most of the member functions don't return values. The only reason that one would fail is if high-resolution time isn't supported on the platform. To avoid impacting performance and complicating the interface, in that case, <ACE_OS::gettimeofday> is used instead. The global scale factor is required for platforms that have high-resolution timers that return units other than microseconds, such as clock ticks. It is represented as a static u_long, can only be accessed through static methods, and is used by all instances of High Res Timer. The member functions that return or print times use the global scale factor. They divide the "time" that they get from <ACE_OS::gethrtime> by global_scale_factor_ to obtain the time in microseconds. Its units are therefore 1/microsecond. On Windows the global_scale_factor_ units are 1/millisecond. There's a macro <ACE_HR_SCALE_CONVERSION> which gives the units/second. Because it's possible that the units/second changes in the future, it's recommended to use it instead of a "hard coded" solution. Dependend on the platform and used class members, there's a maximum elapsed period before overflow (which is not checked). Look at the documentation with some members functions. On some (most?) implementations it's not recommended to measure "long" timeperiods, because the error's can accumulate fast. This is probably not a problem profiling code, but could be on if the high resolution timer class is used to initiate actions after a "long" timeout. On Solaris, a scale factor of 1000 should be used because its high-resolution timer returns nanoseconds. However, on Intel platforms, we use RDTSC which returns the number of clock ticks since system boot. For a 200MHz cpu, each clock tick is 1/200 of a microsecond; the global_scale_factor_ should therefore be 200 or 200000 if it's in unit/millisecond. On Windows QueryPerformanceCounter() is used, which can be a different implementation depending on the used windows HAL (Hardware Abstraction Layer). On some it uses the PC "timer chip" while it uses RDTSC on others. NOTE: the elapsed time calculations in the print methods use ACE_hrtime_t values. Those methods do _not_ check for overflow! NOTE: Gabe <begeddov@proaxis.com> raises this issue regarding <ACE_OS::gethrtime>: on multi-processors, the processor that you query for your <timer.stop> value might not be the one you queried for <timer.start>. Its not clear how much divergence there would be, if any. This issue is not mentioned in the Solaris 2.5.1 gethrtime man page. A RDTSC NOTE: RDTSC is the Intel Pentium read-time stamp counter and is actualy a 64 bit clock cycle counter, which is increased with every cycle. It has a low overhead and can be read within 16 (pentium) or 32 (pentium II,III,...) cycles, but it doesn't serialize the processor, which could give wrong timings when profiling very short code fragments. Problematic is that some power sensitive devices (laptops for example, but probably also embedded devices), do change the cycle rate while running. Some pentiums can run on (at least) two clock frequency's. Another problem arises with multiprocessor computers, there are reports that the different RDTSC's are not always kept in sync. A windows "timer chip" NOTE: (8254-compatible real-time clock) When QueryPerformanceCounter() uses the 8254 it has a frequency off about 1.193 Mhz (or sometimes 3.579 Mhz?) and reading it requires some time (several thousand cycles).


Constructor & Destructor Documentation

ACE_High_Res_Timer::ACE_High_Res_Timer void   ) 
 

Initialize the timer.

ACE_INLINE ACE_High_Res_Timer::~ACE_High_Res_Timer void   ) 
 

Destructor.


Member Function Documentation

ACE_UINT32 ACE_High_Res_Timer::calibrate const ACE_UINT32  usec = 500000,
const u_int  iterations = 10
[static]
 

Set (and return, for info) the global scale factor by sleeping for usec and counting the number of intervening clock cycles. Average over iterations of usec each. On some platforms, such as Pentiums, this is called automatically during the first ACE_High_Res_Timer construction with the default parameter values. An application can override that by calling calibrate with any desired parameter values _prior_ to constructing the first ACE_High_Res_Timer instance. Beware for platforms that can change the cycle rate on the fly.

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::dump void   )  const
 

Dump the state of an object.

ACE_INLINE ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_hrtime const ACE_hrtime_t  end,
const ACE_hrtime_t  start
[static, private]
 

Calculate the difference between two ACE_hrtime_t values. It is assumed that the end time is later than start time, so if end is a smaller value, the time counter has wrapped around.

ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_microseconds ACE_hrtime_t usecs  )  const
 

Sets usecs to the elapsed (stop - start) time in microseconds.

Will overflow on windows when measuring more than appox. 2^^54 ticks. Is still more than 48 days with a 4 Ghz counter.

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time ACE_hrtime_t nanoseconds  )  const
 

Set nanoseconds to the number of nanoseconds elapsed.

Will overflow when measuring more than 194 day's.

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time ACE_Time_Value tv  )  const
 

Set tv to the number of microseconds elapsed.

Could overflow within hours on windows with emulated 64 bit int's and a fast counter. VC++ and Borland normaly use __int64 and so normaly don't have this problem.

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time_incr ACE_hrtime_t nanoseconds  )  const
 

Set <nsec> to the number of nanoseconds elapsed between all calls to start_incr and stop_incr.

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::elapsed_time_incr ACE_Time_Value tv  )  const
 

Set tv to the number of microseconds elapsed between all calls to start_incr and stop_incr.

int ACE_High_Res_Timer::get_env_global_scale_factor const ACE_TCHAR env = ACE_LIB_TEXT("ACE_SCALE_FACTOR")  )  [static]
 

Sets the global_scale_factor to the value in the <env> environment variable. Returns 0 on success, -1 on failure. Note if env points to string "0" (value zero), this call will fail. This is basically a no-op on CE because there is no concept of environment variable on CE.

ACE_INLINE ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::gettime const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op  = ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME  )  [static, private]
 

For internal use: gets the high-resolution time using <ACE_OS::gethrtime>. Except on platforms that require that the <global_scale_factor_> be set, such as ACE_WIN32, uses the low-resolution clock if the <global_scale_factor_> has not been set.

ACE_INLINE ACE_Time_Value ACE_High_Res_Timer::gettimeofday const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op  = ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME  )  [static]
 

Deprecated:
THIS FUNCTION IS DEPRECATED. PLEASE USE <ACE_OS::gettimeofday> INSTEAD! Calls <ACE_High_Res_Timer::hrtime_to_tv> passing <ACE_OS::gethrtime>. This function can be used to parameterize objects such as <ACE_Timer_Queue::gettimeofday>. If <global_scale_factor_> is not set, and we're on a platform that requires <global_scale_factor_> (e.g., Win32), ACE_OS::gettimeofday will be used instead of <ACE_OS::gethrtime>. This allows applications on Intel to use <High_Res_Timer> even when <global_scale_factor> is not set. However, setting the <global_scale_factor_> appropriately will result in the finest resolution possible.

ACE_INLINE ACE_Time_Value ACE_High_Res_Timer::gettimeofday_hr void   )  [static]
 

Get the current "time" as the high resolution counter at this time. This is intended to be useful for supplying to a ACE_Timer_Queue as the gettimeofday function, thereby basing the timer calculations on the high res timer rather than wall clock time.

ACE_UINT32 ACE_High_Res_Timer::global_scale_factor void   )  [static]
 

Returns the global_scale_factor.

ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::global_scale_factor ACE_UINT32  gsf  )  [static]
 

global_scale_factor_ is set to gsf. All High_Res_Timers use global_scale_factor_. This allows applications to set the scale factor just once for all High_Res_Timers. Check High_Res_Timer.cpp for the default global_scale_factors for several platforms. For many platforms (e.g., Solaris), the global_scale_factor_ is set to 1000 so that <scale_factor> need not be set. Careful, a <scale_factor> of 0 will cause division by zero exceptions. Depending on the platform its units are 1/microsecond or 1/millisecond. Use <ACE_HR_SCALE_CONVERSION> inside calculations instead a hardcoded value.

ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::hrtime_to_tv ACE_Time_Value tv,
const ACE_hrtime_t  hrt
[static]
 

Converts an <hrt> to <tv> using global_scale_factor_.

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::print_ave const ACE_TCHAR message,
const int  iterations = 1,
ACE_HANDLE  handle = ACE_STDOUT
const
 

Print average time.

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::print_total const ACE_TCHAR message,
const int  iterations = 1,
ACE_HANDLE  handle = ACE_STDOUT
const
 

Print total time. NOTE: only use <print_total> if incremental timings had been used!

void ACE_High_Res_Timer::reset void   ) 
 

Reinitialize the timer.

ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::start const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op  = ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME  ) 
 

Start timing.

ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::start_incr const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op  = ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME  ) 
 

Start incremental timing.

ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::stop const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op  = ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME  ) 
 

Stop timing.

ACE_INLINE void ACE_High_Res_Timer::stop_incr const ACE_OS::ACE_HRTimer_Op  = ACE_OS::ACE_HRTIMER_GETTIME  ) 
 

Stop incremental timing.


Member Data Documentation

ACE_High_Res_Timer::ACE_ALLOC_HOOK_DECLARE
 

Declare the dynamic allocation hooks.

ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::end_ [private]
 

Ending time.

ACE_UINT32 ACE_High_Res_Timer::global_scale_factor_ = 1u [static, private]
 

Converts ticks to microseconds. That is, ticks / global_scale_factor_ == microseconds.

int ACE_High_Res_Timer::global_scale_factor_status_ = 0 [static, private]
 

Indicates the status of the global scale factor, 0 = hasn't been set 1 = been set -1 = HR timer not supported

ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::start_ [private]
 

Starting time.

ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::start_incr_ [private]
 

Start time of incremental timing.

ACE_hrtime_t ACE_High_Res_Timer::total_ [private]
 

Total elapsed time.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files:
Generated on Wed Nov 23 15:48:54 2005 for ACE by  doxygen 1.4.5